Holding China Accountable

Ensuring Free and Fair Trade to Put Americans First

America First Policies believes that trade will raise living standards for Americans and promote job creation and innovation in the United States only if all nations and companies obey the law and abide by international trade rules. China has consistently violated the agreements it made when it joined the World Trade Organization. The Chinese government has stolen American technology, hacked American military and trade secrets, forced companies doing business in China to surrender technology, and illegally subsidized Chinese government-owned companies that compete with American companies. China dumps steel and aluminum on world markets at below-market prices. The Chinese government seeks to control key industries and technologies that will determine the economic future of the U.S. The United States must use every means at its disposal to punish those who violate our laws and the rules of the international trading system. That includes imposing tariffs and limiting Chinese investments in the U.S. The future survival of the United States, our values and our way of life is at stake.

The Facts:

  • China is on the U.S. Government’s Priority Watch List for violations of intellectual property rights, including coercive technology transfer requirements, secret theft, rampant online piracy and counterfeiting, and high levels of physical pirated and counterfeit exports to markets around the globe.
  • Intellectual-property theft costs America up to $600 billion a year. China is responsible for most of that loss.
  • China’s authorities pressure foreign companies to transfer technology as a condition for doing business in China.
  • China pursues industrial policies that promote and support domestic industries while harming foreign counterparts. This is contrary to the market-based principles fundamental to WTO agreements.
  • China is responsible for nearly half of world steel production.
  • global surplus of steel drives down prices and hurts steel producers around the world.
  • China illegally subsidizes aluminum foil producers and dumps aluminum into the U.S. at below market prices.
  • The US has charged five Chinese military officers with using cyber espionage to steal information from American companies.

Background:

U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission Annual Report November 15, 2017https://www.uscc.gov/Annual_Reports/2017-annual-report

U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission ‘China’s Technonationalism Toolbox: A Primer’ March 28, 2018 https://www.uscc.gov/Research/china%E2%80%99s-technonationalism-toolbox-primer

US Trade Representative 2017 Special 301 Report on Intellectual Property Rights April 2017 https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2017/april/ustr-releases-2017-special-301-report

US Trade Representative 2018 Annual Report on China’s WTO Compliance January 2018 https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2018/january/ustr-releases-annual-reports-china

European Commission extends anti-dumping measures on Chinese steel products March 6, 2018  http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=1807

U.S. Department of Commerce Finds Dumping and Subsidization of Imports of Aluminum Foil From the People’s Republic of China https://www.commerce.gov/news/press-releases/2018/02/us-department-commerce-finds-dumping-and-subsidization-imports-aluminum

Chinese Agency Linked to Cyber-Espionage Operations Will Review Source Code of Foreign Firms September 1, 2017 https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/government/chinese-agency-linked-to-cyber-espionage-operations-will-review-source-code-of-foreign-firms/

10 Biggest Cyber Espionage Cases Security Affairs December 11, 2017 https://securityaffairs.co/wordpress/66617/hacking/cyber-espionage-cases.html

This Building Is Home to the Chinese Army Unit Hacking the US https://gizmodo.com/5985251/this-building-is-home-to-the-chinese-army-unit-hacking-the-us

Made in China 2025 Center for Strategic and International Studies https://www.csis.org/analysis/made-china-2025

Further Reading:

“How China Swallowed the WTO,” Wall Street Journal https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-china-swallowed-the-wto-1509551308

“Waking the Sleeping Dragon,” Slate http://www.slate.com/articles/business/the_next_20/2016/09/when_china_joined_the_wto_it_kick_started_the_chinese_economy_and_roused.html

China Is Not A Market Economy, And The WTO Won't Survive Recognizing It As Such, Forbes December 8, 2017 https://www.forbes.com/sites/douglasbulloch/2017/12/08/china-is-not-a-market-economy-and-the-wto-wont-survive-recognising-it-as-such/#3f146d6237fc

China vs The World Metal Miner https://china-mes.metalminer.com/

Chinese Billionaire Linked to Giant Aluminum Stockpile in Mexican Desert, Wall Street Journal September 9, 2016 https://www.wsj.com/articles/chinese-billionaire-linked-to-giant-aluminum-stockpile-in-mexican-desert-1473356054

http://www.businessinsider.com/a-chinese-billionaire-may-have-hidden-6-of-the-worlds-aluminum-in-the-mexican-desert-2016-9

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